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Between which two major physical features did the Dust Bowl form?
From 1934 to 1940 severe drought ravaged an area twice the size of Pennsylvania covering parts of Kansas, Oklahoma, Texas, New Mexico and Colorado. When the drought destroyed the crops, there was nothing to hold the soil of the wind-swept and treeless plains. The area became known as “The Dust Bowl.”
What two factors created the Dust Bowl?
The Dust Bowl was a period of severe dust storms that greatly damaged the ecology and agriculture of the American and Canadian prairies during the 1930s; severe drought and a failure to apply dryland farming methods to prevent the aeolian processes (wind erosion) caused the phenomenon.
What are two facts about the Dust Bowl?
There were more than 100 million acres of land affected by the Dust Bowl. There were 14 dust storms in 1932 on the Great Plains. There were 38 dust storms in 1933 on the Great Plains. More than 300,000 people moved to California during the Dust Bowl to start over because of the damage to land caused by the Dust Bowl.
What were two causes of the Dust Bowl quizlet?
3 years of hot weather, droughts and excessive farming were the main causes of the great dust bowl. in 1934, the temperature reached over 100 degrees for weeks. the farmers crops withered and dried up and rivers and wells ran dry. it caused the soil to harden and crack and the great winds caused dust storms.
Can a Dust Bowl happen again?
More than eight decades later, the summer of 1936 remains the hottest summer on record in the U.S. However, new research finds that the heat waves that powered the Dust Bowl are now 2.5 times more likely to happen again in our modern climate due to another type of manmade crisis — climate change.
What did Okie mean?
migrant agricultural worker
“Okie” has been historically defined as “a migrant agricultural worker; esp: such a worker from Oklahoma” (Webster’s Third New International Dictionary). Most migrant agricultural workers, or “Okies,” were white and traveled westward from the midwestern drought and cotton-growing states.
What are 3 main causes of the Dust Bowl?
Economic depression coupled with extended drought, unusually high temperatures, poor agricultural practices and the resulting wind erosion all contributed to making the Dust Bowl.
What are 10 facts about the Dust Bowl?
10 Things You May Not Know About the Dust Bowl
- One monster dust storm reached the Atlantic Ocean.
- The Dust Bowl was both a manmade and natural disaster.
- The ecosystem disruption unleashed plagues of jackrabbits and grasshoppers.
- Proposed solutions were truly out-of-the-box.
What was the impact of the Dust Bowl quizlet?
What were the effects of the dust bowl? People lost crops, homes, jobs, farm animals. They were forced to move to a different place.
How long did the dirty thirties last?
The Dust Bowl of the 1930s sometimes referred to as the “Dirty Thirties”, lasted about a decade. This was a period of severe dust storms that caused major agricultural damage to American and Canadian prairie lands, primarily from 1930 to 1936, but in some areas, until 1940.
What stopped the Dust Bowl?
While the dust was greatly reduced thanks to ramped up conservation efforts and sustainable farming practices, the drought was still in full effect in April of 1939. In the fall of 1939, rain finally returned in significant amounts to many areas of the Great Plains, signaling the end of the Dust Bowl.
Is Okie a bad word?
In many western states “Okie” continues to be used as a derogatory term. In Arizona an “Okie” is a person with “a pee-stained mattress on top of his car,” and an “Okie credit card” is a siphon hose and gas can. In other states an “Okie” is a calf of the lowest quality run through an auction ring.
Where was the Dust Bowl in the 1930s?
The Dust Bowl refers to a ninety-seven-million-acre area in the southern Great Plains where drought and wind erosion were the most severe during the 1930s.
How did the Dust Bowl affect the Great Plains?
When severe drought struck the Great Plains region in the 1930s, it resulted in erosion and loss of topsoil because of farming practices at the time. The drought dried the topsoil and over time it became friable, reduced to a powdery consistency in some places.
How big was the Dust Bowl in acres?
dust bowl Area of c.40 million ha (100 million acres) of the Great Plains, USA, that suffered extensively from wind erosion. Due to drought, overplanting and mismanagement, much of the topsoil was blown away in the 1930s.
What did NASA do during the Dust Bowl?
NASA’s Earth Science Enterprise funded the study. The Enterprise is dedicated to understanding the Earth as an integrated system and applying Earth System Science to improve climate, weather, and natural hazard prediction using the unique vantage point of space.