# Hacktivateed

## What is a geolograph?

A geolograph is a device that measures depth and that if installed is usually found in the doghouse. It was once commonplace for a drilling rig to have a geolograph while on location drilling an oil or gas well.

## What does ROP mean in drilling?

The Rate of penetration, abbreviated as ROP as used in the drilling industry, is the speed at which a drill bit breaks the rock under it to deepen the borehole. It is normally measured in feet per minute or meters per hour, but sometimes it is expressed in minutes per foot.

How is ROP measured?

ROP stands for “Rate of Penetration,” which is basically how fast the bit is drilling the hole. Average ROP is generally measured by taking the total distance drilled divided by the time it took to drill it. For example, if you drill 1000 feet in 10 hours, 1000′ divided by 10 hours is 100 feet per hour – on average.

What is WOB in drilling?

Weight on the Bit, or WOB, is the amount of downward force exerted on the drill bit provided by thick-walled tubular pieces in the drilling assembly that are known as drill collars. The downward force of gravity on these steel tubes provide force for the drill bit in order to effectively break the rock.

### What is bottom ROP?

ROP is defined as advancement in unit time while the drill bit is on bottom and drilling ahead.

### What is weight on bit in drilling?

Weight on the Bit, or WOB, is the amount of downward force exerted on the drill bit provided by thick-walled tubular pieces in the drilling assembly that are known as drill collars. The weight of the drilling assembly is controlled and measured while the drill bit is just off the bottom of the wellbore.

How is WOB drilling calculated?

Drill Collar Weight Calculation To Prevent Drill Pipe Buckling

1. Drill collar weight in a vertical well.
2. WDC = (WOB x SF) ÷ BF.
3. Drill collar weight in a deviated well.
4. WDC = (WOB x SF) ÷ (BF x COS (θ))
5. Example: The deviated well has inclination of 30 degree in tangent section and planned mud weight is 12.0 ppg.

What will happen if more weight is applied to the drilling bit?

Rotary speed and weight on bit cannot be continuously increased without causing extreme stress on the drill string and bit. If excessive force and weight are being applied to the drill string it can cause the drill pipe to buckle.

## How is weight on bit calculated?

Simply subtracting the hook load measured during drilling from the off bottom hook load is then taken as the weight applied to the drill bit.

Can a drill collar buckle?

There is little chance of buckling causing a blowout. In such cases you would probably have to buckle a casing pipe without knowing it, causing a leak in the collars. Serious buckling does not happen often.

How much weight on bit is required?

There is no standard range of weight that should be applied to the bit. It can be anywhere between 1,000 lbs. to 100,000 lbs. depending on the size and type of bit, the rock being drilled, and the application.

### How is the depth recorded on a geolograph?

The geolograph, or drilling recorder, mechanically monitors depth and records drilling parameters in time. These parameters are recorded on a paper chart, graduated in minutes, that is wrapped around a drum. The drum rotates one revolution in 8, 12, or 24 hr.

### How is depth measured on a land rig?

To record depth, a small cable is run from the geolograph to the top of the kelly via a pulley on the crown of the derrick (see Land rigs ). Kelly height can then be measured and directly related to bit depth. As each foot is drilled, an ink pen on the geolograph places a small mark on the chart. Every 5 ft

How are ROP logs related to stratigraphic position?

This correlation can help determine structural and stratigraphic position and is used to predict when the well will reach a zone of interest. Shales generally drill slower than sandstones or carbonates, and as a result, ROP logs tend to reflect indirectly the lithology of the formation.